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Which Compasseth the Whole Land of Havilah

Genesis 2:11-18 King James Version (KJV)

11 The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold;

12 And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.

13 And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.

14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.

15 And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

16 And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:

17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

18 And the Lord God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.

What the seven are saying:

In these seven verses, we continue from the previous seven with the naming of the four river heads that surrounded the garden of Eden. In the garden, was where God placed the man that He formed. The first part of the river that went out of Eden to water the garden was the Pison (as previously stated).

The Pison compassed or surrounded the whole land of Havilah (which had gold). The gold in Havilah was really good rich quality gold. Also, there was bdellium and the onyx stone in Havilah in good quantity and quality.

The second river head was Gihon. Gihon surrounded or compassed the whole land of Ethiopia (Africa).* The third river was Hiddekel; it goes toward the east of Assyria, and the fourth river was Euphrates (Phrates or great river).**

Which Compasseth the Whole Land of Havilah

Following this description of the rivers, the Sovereign LORD God took the man and place him into the garden. The purpose of the man was to dress the garden and to keep it. Next few verses are the larger part of the seven verses as it pertains to the entirety of the scope of the Bible.

The Creator and Sovereign LORD of Host commanded the man to eat freely from every tree of the garden. However, the man was to avoid eating from and even touching the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. If he did eat from that tree he would surely die.

Finally, the LORD God declared it not good for the man to be all one (alone)***; He decided to make a suitable helper for him. Seven verses.


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* Africa is said to be known initially as ‘Alkebulan.’ The word ‘Alkebulan’ is said to mean “mother of mankind” or “garden of Eden.” It should be noted that before the word ‘Alkebulan’ was replaced by the word ‘Africa,’ Alkebulan was called many names including Libya, Corphye, Ortegia, and Ethiopia with Africa being the latest. This info is from the website

** Euphrates was not originally written, instead Phrates. Some scholars have said it originally stated “Great River!”

*** Man was originally “all one,” the man and the woman; from where we get the word, “alone!”

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