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What Nations Came Out of Esau

What nations came out of Esau? This is a wild question. Much of the content on this page is false because we did the research based on what is on the internet. See our position at the bottom of this article.


Frederick Barbarossa


Source: Frederick Barbarossa (Civ6), depicts the Holy Roman Emperor, who in German Legends became a Messianic Figure.

The question was, “What nation came out of Esau?”

In effect, Esau helped give rise to the formation of numerous nationalities. He seems however to have played more of an elite developmental role and not significantly that of the begetter of the masses of people.

Esau (Genesis 25:25) was the twin brother of Jacob otherwise acknowledged as Israel (Genesis 32:28, 35:10). Esau was also known as Edom (Genesis 25:29). He was born hairy and reddish in color (Genesis 25:25), in Hebrew an “Admoni” usually understood as meaning red-haired.

Esau is a Warrior Living By the Sword

This term, implying red-haired, was also applied to David, King of Israel (1-Samuel [KJV] 16:12, 17:42, translated as “ruddy” but meaning red-haired). It was prophesied that Esau would be a warrior nation and live by his sword (Genesis 27:40). He would enjoy the “fatness” of the earth implying relative prosperity (Genesis 27:40).

Genesis (American KJV)

27:38 And Esau said to his father, Have you but one blessing, my father? bless me, even me also, O my father. And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept.

 39 And Isaac his father answered and said to him, Behold, your dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above;
40 And by your sword shall you live, and shall serve your brother; and it shall come to pass when you shall have the dominion, that you shall break his yoke from off your neck.
41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.

The people of “Teman” were descendants of Edom and known for their wisdom (Jeremiah 49:7, cf. Job 2:1). Esau would also be involved in an eternal struggle against Jacob and seek to kill him (Genesis 27:41). Esau, i.e. Edom gave rise to numerous tribes and ruling elites among other nations.

China and Japan Elements of Edom?

The area of Edom to the southeast of Judah also referred to as “Seir,” encompassed only a portion of the Edomites. The founding elements of Ancient China and of Japan were from Edom even though descendants of Esau may now comprise only a small section of the populations in those areas.

Esau was also important in the history of Russia. The very name “Rus” connotes “RED” which in Hebrew translates to “Edom.”

Esau Contributes to Early History of Europe

Descendants of Esau gave rise to Sparta in Greece and to the earlier settlers of Rome and the Roman Empire. Edomites, as well as Israelite Hebrews, were important in the early history of Europe.

Great military leaders appear to have been descendants of Esau. One of the characteristics of Edom is a hatred of the Jews. All over the world, a disproportionate number of military types tend to be anti-Semitic (note: being anti-Semitic is to be anti-Shem, as in Shem the son of Noah. To be anti-Semitic is to be against Arabs, and many others who are in the family line of Shem).

A prominent descendant of Esau through his son Eliphaz was Amalek. Throughout the centuries prominent persecutors of the “Jewish” people were the offspring of Amalekites (cf. Exodus 17:8-13). One of the characteristics of Edom is the Principle of Leadership.

Fascism Embodies Edomite Principles

In 1-Chronicles 1:52 we have an expression, “the chiefs of Edom.” So too, Genesis (36:15-19) speaks of the “Dukes of Esau.” The word used in Hebrew translated as “Dukes” is “Aluphim” (singular: “Aluph”) connoting “leader, instructor.” The English word “help” may derive from this Hebrew source. Fascism (and Nazism) as a political system in effect embodied Edomite Principles.

The ancient native Germans called the idol, who was otherwise known as “Oden,” by the name “Koz.” Josephus (Antiquities xv.7,9) asserts, and archaeological inscriptions verify, that the national god of the small state of Edom to the south and east of Judah was called “Kiazo” or “Koz” (or Cas) also rendered as “Qa-us.”

This name is derived from a Middle Eastern form of the name “Esau” since the initial “ayin” transliterated as “E” (in Esau) can be pronounced with a hard sound. Esau (under the name of “Koz”) was, consequently, the supreme god of many in both Idumea (Edom) and Germany. The very name Odin may be a form of “Edom.”

Ros Merta Means Red the Magnificent

The cult of Odin was derived from, or at least related to, that of Essuvius in Gaul. The name “Essuvius” is related to how Esau (“Esav”) is pronounced in Hebrew. The consort of Essuvius, once worshiped in West Germany, was known as “Ros Merta,” i.e. “Red [Edom] the Magnificent.”

In the End Times Israel, and especially with Joseph at the head of the Lost Ten Tribes, he will war against and defeat Edom (Ezekiel 25:14, Obadiah 1:18). The fate of Edom however is uncertain. There were also positive elements that emerged from Esau. In the Last Days, and leading up to them, a portion of the Edomites will repent and be saved.

Historically Edomites served as agents of Assyria in subjugating and re-settling the Ten Tribes with whom to some degree they intermixed. We have written books on this matter. The Sages said that no war can be won unless descendants of Esau are present on the winning side.

Esau Was Red-Haired?

A Curiosity: Esau was associated with military prowess. Esau was red-haired. Many of the leading Military Leaders in World History had red-hair. Red-hairs are present to a disproportionate degree among famous military leaders. This does not mean that they were all descended from Esau.

We also find red-hairs among Israelites, such as David (king David’s ruddiness would more so be compared to that of Malcolm X and Red Foxx), and others. Nevertheless, it is an interesting phenomenon.

Some Redheaded Military Leaders and prominent Rulers in History

Esau the Brother of Jacob (Israel) was described as an “Admoni” (Genesis 25:25) which traditionally means red-haired.

Set (Seth)

The Egyptian god, Seth (also equated with ‘Typhon,’ and ‘Saturn’) was identified by the Egyptians with the desert, with the former Hyksos rulers of Egypt, and with the areas of Edom and Israel. Set was often depicted with red hair, and for this reason, people with red hair (according to Manetho) were regularly sacrificed in Egypt.

David, King of Israel and Judah, is the prototype of the future Messiah. He was the author of the Psalms, and (like Esau) was also described as an “Admoni” (1-Samuel 16:12) i.e. a red-head.

(BSM-NOTE- King David, the Bible does not actually say King David had red hair; he was ruddy)

Alexander the Great,
Alexander (356 – 323 BCE) was the Macedonian Ruler of Greece and Conqueror of the Persian Empire and other places. He was considered one of the most successful military commanders of all time.

The Etruscans were An Ancient people in Tuscany, north Italy, the ancestors of some of whom had arrived from Lydia in West Turkey. They influenced the early Romans and intermixed with them. Etruscan wall frescoes depict mostly people with black hair along with quite a few whose hair appears to be red.

Caledonians of Scotland
“The red hair and large limbs of the inhabitants of Caledonia point clearly to a Germanic origin.” – Tacitus, on the inhabitants of northern Britain.

Boudicca (died 60 / 61 CE) – Boudicca was a queen of the Brythonic Celtic Iceni people of Norfolk in Eastern Britain. She leads an initially successful rebellion against the Romans. The Roman historian, Deo Cassius, described Boudicca as “tall and terrifying in appearance [with] a great mass of red hair.”

Niall of the Nine Hostages

Niall (ca. 300s-400s CE) was the ancestor of the Ui Neill family that dominated Ireland from the 500s CE to the 900s CE and from whom most of the ancient Irish kings were descended. Descendants of Niall today are believed to be identifiable by a peculiar genetic marker. Many of them have red hair.

The Arab religious leader (570-632) saw visions and founded a religion and changed the world. Mahommed is believed to have had red hair. In various hadiths (extraneous traditions) however, it is said he dyed it that way. Devout Muslims who have been to Mecca had the practice of dyeing their beard red. My father, William Hugh Russell-Davis, once saw a hair revered by Muslims in India that was claimed to have belonged to Mohamed. It was red.

Rurik (c. 862 CE) was the Viking founder of the Rurik Dynasty that created the Kingdom of Russia.

Otto-2 (955 – 983), was called the Red (“Rufus”). He was Holy Roman Emperor and conquered Italy.

William-1. William the Conqueror (1027-1087), was the King of Normandy who conquered England in 1066.

William Rufus

William-2 ( c. 1056- 1100), of England (son of William the Conqueror of Normandy), may have been a great king but with a bad reputation. He organized a Disputation with the Jews which was probably the only non-biased one ever held. He declared that if the Jews won he would become Jewish. The Jews tactfully arranged for a draw.

Frederick Barbarossa
Frederick-1 (1122 – 1190), was also known as Frederick Barbarossa, i.e. “Red Beard” in Italian. In German, he was known as “Kaiser Rotbart”, which has the same meaning. He was by inheritance Duke of Swabia, became King of Germany (1152) and then Holy Roman Emperor from 1155 until his death in 1190. After conquests in Italy, he died on his way to the Crusades in the Holy land. He was considered a Messianic Figure in German Mythology.

British Royal Family,
Regardless of what dynasty was reigning quite a few of the reigning monarchs in the British Isles appear to have been red-haired. At the present time, Prince Harry stands out for his red hair.

Richard the Lionheart, (1157-1199) was King of England and Crusader leader.

The House of Plantagenet
The Plantagenets were a French family (originating from Anjou in France) that held the English throne from 1154 to 1485. They had (in addition to Richard-1) at least some other red-haired members.

Genghis Khan,
Genghis (c. 1162 – 1227), created the Mongol Empire. He also fathered numerous offspring.

William Wallace
William Wallace (d. 1305) was a Scottish Warrior and National Hero. He led the struggle for independence from England.


Isabella-1 (1451-1504) Queen of Castille married Ferdinand-2 of Aragon and thus united the Kingdom of Spain. She was probably primarily responsible for the Expulsion of the Jews in 1492. Isabella helped sponsor the discoveries of Christopher Colombus who also had reddish hair.

Christopher Columbus
(1451-1506) discovered America.

Spanish Inquisition Victims
The Spanish Inquisition was established in 1478 by the monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella who herself had red hair. The inquisition is said to have interrogated red-haired people who were suspected of having Jewish blood or of being in league with the devil or both.

Henry-8 (1491-1547) broke with Rome and formed the Church of England.

Elizabeth-1 (1533 – 1603) Queen of England and Ireland. [The brother and sister of Elizabeth, Edward-6, and Mary-1, also both had red hair].

James-6 of Scotland and -1 of England

James (1566 – 1625) united the crowns of England and Scotland. He was the first Stuart monarch of Britain.

Galileo (1564 – 1642) improved telescopes, and made astronomical observations. Stephen Hawking says, “Galileo, perhaps more than any other single person, was responsible for the birth of modern science.”

Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden
Gustavus Adolphus (1594-[King from 1611-]1632) led Sweden to military supremacy during the Thirty Years War, helping to determine the political as well as the religious balance of power in Europe. He is often regarded as one of the greatest military commanders of all time, with innovative use of combined arms. He has been referred to as the “father of modern warfare.”

Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) was the leader of the English Parliamentary forces against the Stuart Kings. He ruled as dictator (Lord Protector) and was known for his Puritan beliefs. Cromwell befriended the Jews but (according to most opinions) oppressed the Irish.

George Washington,

(1732-1799) Founding Father of the United States, leader of its army, and its first President.

Napoleon Bonaparte,
(1769 – 1821) Emperor of France attempted the conquest of all Europe. He instituted widespread and far-reaching fundamental reforms everywhere he went.

Thomas Jefferson,
Jefferson (1743 – 1826) an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States (1801-1809).

Florence Nightingale,
Florence Nightingale (1820 – 1910) was a celebrated English nurse during the Crimean War. She was dubbed “The Lady with the Lamp” after her habit of making rounds at night. She reformed care for the sick in Britain.

Ulysses S. Grant,

Grant (1822-1885) was U.S. president and military head of the Union Forces in the American Civil War.

General George A. Custer,
George Armstrong Custer (1839 – 1876) was a United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the Indian Wars. Today he is most remembered for a disastrous military engagement known as the Battle of the Little Bighorn.

Vladimir Lenin,
Lenin was a Russian Revolutionary (1870-1924). Lenin was a German agent and Bolshevik who helped take Russia out of World War-1.

Winston Churchill,
(1874 – 1965) Leader of the Free World, statesman, historian.

Haj Amin al-Husseini,

Husseini (1897-1974).was the religious leader of Muslims in Palestine. He instigated murders and acts of terror against Jews and Arabs he disagreed with. In World War-2 he fled to Germany where he helped raise Waffen-SS units comprised of Bosnian Muslims. Husseini encouraged German efforts to exterminate the Jewish people and praised the results. The Mufti was reported to have been on good terms with Adolf Hitler. Hitler complimented him on his natural red hair considering it indicative of Aryan ancestry. Another source however claims Hitler disliked redheads.

Dwight Eisenhower,
Eisenhower (1890 – March 28, 1969) was descended from German migrants to the USA. He became Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe in WW2; the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961.

Red-Haired Rabbis,
Many Rabbis were red-haired. This fact is usually not mentioned unless there is something that has drawn attention to it.

Queen Victoria,

Queen Victoria of Great Britain (1819 – 1901), Empress of India, reigned for a long time over an era that saw the British Empire reach its peak.

The list above speaks of who the scholars believe Edom Esau is today, which alone is a fascinating discovery never to be played on the annals of history or taught in secular schools or theological churches, or seminaries.

However, we assert it is ALL FALSE! Europeans are children of Ham (the Bible list them as children of Japheth). Esau merely facilitates the Europeans, who are the children of Ham.

Learn more by visiting Africa the Land of Shem or

Thank you for reading; this article was mainly put together by responses on Quora. Be edified and righteous. Amen. 

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  1. Keith Middleton Keith Middleton


  2. Myss Myss

    If, in fact, Amalek is a bloodline descendant (grandson)of Esau, Amalek IS Jew. Amalek’s mother is Timna…Esau’s concubine. It is written in the wills of the Patdiarchs that Amalek seed is cut off from inheriting the kingdom.

    • Yes Myss, what is your question or statement in clarity? Thanks for commenting.

  3. Vince Vince

    I don’t understand the point of listing all of those leaders with red hair. We are all descendants from Noah and, obviously, offspring had various colors of hair as different body types.
    It only proves mutations in human breeding.

    • That is fairly correct Vince! The original writer thought to connect Esau with Europeans erroneously by essentially pointing out red hair and connecting that to Esau coming out red and hairy all over.

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