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Jeremiah Chapter 49 Summary

Welcome to, your online Bible Study supplement source. Today we have a chapter summary on Jeremiah chapter 49. Before we get to the summary, let’s review the chapter below.

1 Concerning the Ammonites, thus saith the Almighty; Hath Akobe no sons? hath he no heir? why then doth their king inherit Gad, and his people dwell in his cities?

2 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the Almighty, that I will cause an alarm of war to be heard in Rabbah of the Ammonites; and it shall be a desolate heap, and her daughters shall be burned with fire: then shall Akobe be heir unto them that were his heirs, saith the Almighty.

3 Howl, O Heshbon, for Ai is spoiled: cry, ye daughters of Rabbah, gird you with sackcloth; lament, and run to and fro by the hedges; for their king shall go into captivity, and his priests and his princes together.

4 Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, saying, Who shall come unto me?

5 Behold, I will bring a fear upon thee, saith the Almighty Creator of hosts, from all those that be about thee; and ye shall be driven out every man right forth, and none shall gather up him that wandereth.

6 And afterward I will bring again the captivity of the children of Ammon, saith the Almighty.

7 Concerning Edom, thus saith the Almighty of hosts; Is wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent? is their wisdom vanished?

8 Flee ye, turn back, dwell deep, O inhabitants of Dedan; for I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, the time that I will visit him.

9 If grape gatherers come to thee, would they not leave some gleaning grapes? if thieves by night, they will destroy till they have enough.

10 But I have made Esau bare, I have uncovered his secret places, and he shall not be able to hide himself: his seed is spoiled, and his brethren, and his neighbors, and he is not.

11 Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve them alive, and let thy widows trust in me.

12 For thus saith the Almighty; Behold, they whose judgment was not to drink of the cup have assuredly drunken; and art thou he that shall altogether go unpunished? thou shalt not go unpunished, but thou shalt surely drink of it.

13 For I have sworn by myself, saith the Almighty, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes.

14 I have heard a rumor from the Almighty, and an ambassador is sent unto the heathen, saying, Gather ye together, and come against her, and rise up to the battle.

15 For, lo, I will make thee small among the heathen, and despised among men.

16 Thy terribleness hath deceived thee, and the pride of thine heart, O thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill: though thou shouldest make thy nest as high as the eagle, I will bring thee down from thence, saith the Almighty.

17 Also Edom shall be a desolation: everyone that goeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss at all the plagues thereof.

18 As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbor cities thereof, saith the Almighty, no man shall abide there, neither shall a son of man dwell in it.

19 Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong: but I will suddenly make him run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? for who is like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me?

20 Therefore hear the counsel of the Almighty, that he hath taken against Edom; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make their habitations desolate with them.

21 The earth is moved at the noise of their fall, at the cry the noise thereof was heard in the Red Sea.

22 Behold, he shall come up and fly as the eagle, and spread his wings over Bozrah: and at that day shall the heart of the mighty men of Edom be as the heart of a woman in her pangs.

23 Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have heard evil tidings: they are fainthearted; there is sorrow on the sea; it cannot be quiet.

24 Damascus is waxed feeble, and turneth herself to flee, and fear hath seized on her: anguish and sorrows have taken her, as a woman in travail.

25 How is the city of praise not left, the city of my joy!

26 Therefore her young men shall fall in her streets, and all the men of war shall be cut off in that day, saith the Almighty of hosts.

27 And I will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, and it shall consume the palaces of Benhadad.

28 Concerning Kedar, and concerning the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon shall smite, thus saith the Almighty; Arise ye, go up to Kedar, and spoil the men of the east.

29 Their tents and their flocks shall they take away: they shall take to themselves their curtains, and all their vessels, and their camels, and they shall cry unto them, Fear is on every side.

30 Flee, get you far off, dwell deep, O ye inhabitants of Hazor, saith the Almighty; for Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath taken counsel against you, and hath conceived a purpose against you.

31 Arise, get you up unto the wealthy nation, that dwelleth without care, saith the Almighty, which have neither gates nor bars, which dwell alone.

32 And their camels shall be a booty, and the multitude of their cattle a spoil: and I will scatter into all winds them that are in the utmost corners; and I will bring their calamity from all sides thereof, saith the Almighty.

33 And Hazor shall be a dwelling for dragons and a desolation forever: there shall no man abide there, nor any son of man dwell in it.

34 The word of the Almighty that came to Jeremiah the prophet against Elam in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Juda, saying,

35 Thus saith the Almighty of hosts; Behold, I will break the bow of Elam, the chief of their might.

36 And upon Elam will I bring the four winds from the four quarters of heaven, and will scatter them toward all those winds; and there shall be no nation whither the outcasts of Elam shall not come.

37 For I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies, and before them that seek their life: and I will bring evil upon them, even my fierce anger, saith the Almighty; and I will send the sword after them, till I have consumed them:

38 And I will set my throne in Elam, and will destroy from thence the king and the princes, saith the Almighty.

39 But it shall come to pass in the latter days, that I will bring again the captivity of Elam, saith the Almighty.

Jeremiah chapter 49 summary

In Jeremiah chapter 49, the focus is on the prophecy concerning the Ammonites, Edomites, and Elamites. The chapter begins by questioning why, the Ammonite king, has taken possession of Gad and its cities when he has no rightful claim to them. Is it because Akobe (Jacob in the scriptures) has no sons to inherit their land, the Almighty asks?

Then the prophet foretells the coming alarm of war in Rabbah, the capital of the Ammonites, which will result in its desolation and the burning of its daughters. Heshbon is urged to mourn the devastation, and the backsliding daughter is warned against trusting in her treasures. The Ammonites are warned of a coming fear from their neighbors, resulting in their expulsion. But it is also prophesied that their captivity will be restored in the future.

This chapter stresses the consequences of their actions and the judgment that will befall the Ammonites.

In the next section of Jeremiah chapter 49, the focus shifts to Edom.

The passage begins by questioning the loss of wisdom and counsel in Teman, a region in Edom. The inhabitants of Dedan are advised to flee and seek refuge due to the impending calamity that will befall Edom. The text compares Edom to grape gatherers and thieves. This is to suggest that there will be no remnants left after the impending judgment. Esau’s secrets will be uncovered, and his descendants and neighbors will be affected. However, a promise is made to preserve the fatherless children and protect the widows.

The prophecy foretells the desolation of Bozrah. Bozrah is a prominent city in Edom. Also foretold is the summoning of the nations to rise against Edom in battle. Edom’s pride, terribleness, and reliance on its rocky terrain are all addressed. Despite Edom’s seeming invincibility, the Almighty will bring them down and make them small among the nations. The comparison to the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah emphasizes the severity of the judgment that will befall Edom.

The passage ends with a reminder that no one will abide in Edom. Also, a shepherd chosen by the Almighty will execute His purposes against Edom and Teman. The earth’s movement and the heart of Edom’s mighty men being compared to that of a woman in labor signify the impending catastrophe.

Next up, the focus shifts to Damascus.

The passage begins with a depiction of the fear and distress that have gripped the cities of Hamath and Arpad. This fear was based upon hearing of evil tidings. The city of Damascus is described as becoming feeble. They attempt to flee, overcome by fear, anguish, and sorrow, similar to a woman in labor. It laments the loss of a once-praised and joyful city.

The prophecy foretells the fall of the city’s young men and the demise of its warriors. The Almighty declares His intention to kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, leading to the destruction of the palaces of Benhadad (Ben Adad), indicating the severity of the judgment that will befall the city.

The chapter turns to the prophecy concerning Kedar and the kingdoms of Hazor or Azor.

This is the same Hazor that Nebuchadrezzar, the king of Babylon, will conquer.

The Almighty’s message instructs the people of Kedar to prepare for the impending attack by Babylon. Their tents, flocks, curtains, vessels, and camels will be taken away, and fear will surround them. The inhabitants of Hazor are also warned to flee and take refuge because Nebuchadrezzar has devised a plan against them.

The prophecy describes a wealthy nation that dwells without care, vulnerable because it lacks gates and bars for protection. Their camels will be plundered, and their cattle taken as spoils. The calamity will come from all directions, and Hazor will become a dwelling for dragons and remain desolate, with no one dwelling there.

In this final section of Jeremiah chapter 49, the word of the Almighty is directed towards Elam during the early reign of King Zedekiah of Juda. The message from the Almighty declares that He will break the bow of Elam, the source of their strength. Elam will face dispersion to all four corners of the earth, with no nation left untouched by their outcasts.

The Almighty will cause dismay among the Elamites before their enemies.

He will bring His fierce anger and the sword upon them until they are consumed. Furthermore, the Almighty will establish His throne in Elam and destroy its king and princes. However, there is hope for Elam in the latter days, as the Almighty promises to bring back their captivity.

This is the summary of Jeremiah chapter 49; Glory to the Creator of mercy and forgiveness.

For more summaries and studies, click on the summaries link right here. As always, be strong and very courageous.

Minister Koko


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